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Carolyn Dean

Carolyn Dean portrait
Cultural histories of the native Americas and colonial Latin America.
Office: 831-459-3119
Research Interests: 

Inka (Inca) visual and performance culture before and after Spanish colonization. Indigenous adaptations of Roman Catholicism. Inka stonework in the pre-Hispanic and colonial Andes, as well as the modern imagination.

Kresge College, Room 224
Office Hours: 

by appointment

Mailing Address: 

Carolyn Dean, Porter Faculty Services, 1156 High Street, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064

Selected Publications: 


  •  A Culture of Stone: Inka Perspectives on Rock (Durham: Duke University Press, 2010).
  •  Los Cuerpos de los Incas y el Cuerpo de Cristo: El Corpus Christi en el Cuzco Colonial, trans. Javier Flores Espinoza, introduction by Manuel Burga (Lima: Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos and Banco Santander Central Hispano, 2003). [Revised edition in Spanish of Inka Bodies and the Body of Christ {Durham: Duke University Press, 1999}].
  •  Inka Bodies and the Body of Christ: Corpus Christi in Colonial Cuzco, Peru (Durham: Duke University Press, 1999).

Recent Articles

  •  "Notes from the Field: Anthropomorphism," Art Bulletin 94, no. 1 (2012): 15-16.
  • "Inka Water Management and the Symbolic Dimensions of Display Fountains," RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics 59/60 (2011): 22-38.
  • "War Games: Indigenous Militaristic Theater in Colonial Peru," Contested Vision of the Spanish Colonial World," ed. Ilona Katzew (Los Angeles: LACMA, 2011), 132-49.
  • "Inka ruins and the discourse of Mystery," Third Text 25, no. 6 (2011): 737-49.
  • "Rock Sites/Rock's Sight: Reflections on Site Documentation," Public Art Dialogue 1, no. 2 (2011): 151-61.
  • “The Painted Face of the City: Images of Corpus Christi in Colonial Cuzco,” Imagery, Spirituality and Ideology in Baroque Spain and Latin America, ed. Jeremy Roe and Marta Bustillo (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars, 2010), 71–82.
  •  “The After-life of Inka Rulers: Andean Death before and after Spanish Colonization,” Death and Afterlife in the Early Modern Hispanic World, ed. John Beusterien and Constance Cortez, Hispanic Issues On Line vol. 7 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2010), 27–54, .
  •  “Beyond Prescription: Notarial Doodles and Other Marks” Word & Image 25, no. 3 (July-Sept. 2009): 293-316.
  •  “The Inka Married the Earth: Integrated Outcrops and the Making of Place,” Art Bulletin 89, no. 3 (2007): 502-518.
  •  “Savage Breast/Salvaged Breast: Allegory, Colonization, and Wet-Nursing in Peru, 1532-1825,” in Early Modern Visual Allegory: Embodying Meaning, ed. Cristelle Baskins and Lisa Rosenthal (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate. 2007), 265-79. Reprinted in Woman and Art in Early Modern Latin America, ed. Kellen Kee McIntyre and Richard E. Phillips (Leiden: Brill, 2007), 247-64.
  •  “Rethinking Apacheta,” Ñawpa Pacha 28 (2006): 93-108. “The Trouble with (the Term) Art,” Art Journal 65, no. 2 (Summer 2006): 24-32.
  •  “Metonymy in Inca Art,” in Presence and Images: Essays on the ‘presence’ of the prototype within the image. Ed. Rupert Shepherd and Robert Maniura (Aldersot, UK: Ashgate, 2006), 105-120.
  •  “Inka Nobles, Portraiture and Paradox in Colonial Peru,” in Exploring New World Imagery. Ed. Donna Pierce (Denver: Denver Art Museum, 2005), 79-103.
  •  “Hybridity and Its Discontents: Considering Visual Culture in Colonial Spanish America,” co-authored with Dana Leibsohn, Colonial Latin American Review 12, no.1 (2003): 5-35.
  •  “Sketches of Childhood: Children in Colonial Andean Art and Society,” in Minor Omissions: Children in Latin American History and Society. Ed. Tobias Hecht (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002), 21-51.
  •  “Familiarizando el catolicismo en el Cuzco colonial,” in Incas e indios cristianos: elites indígenas e identidades cristianas en los Andes coloniales. Ed. Jean-Jacques Decoster (Cuzco: CBC/IFEA/KURAKA, 2002), 169-194.
  •  “Boys and Girls and ‘Boys’: Popular Depictions of African-American children and Childlike Adults in the United States, 1850-1930,” Journal of American & Comparative Cultures 23, no. 3 (2002): 17-35.
  •  “Andean Androgyny and the Making of Men,” in Gender in Pre-Hispanic America. Ed. Cecelia F. Klein (Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 2001), 143-182.
  •  “The Ambivalent Triumph: Corpus Christi in Colonial Cusco, Peru,” in Acting On The Past: Historical Performance Across the Disciplines. Ed. Mark Franko and Annette Richards (Hanover and London: Wesleyan University Press, 2000), 159-176.
Education and Training: 
B.A. in art & art history, University of Puget Sound
M.A. and Ph.D. in art history, UCLA