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Religion and Visual Culture Concentration

Reclining Buddha

This program is for students who wish to pursue the study of religion in conjunction with studies of visual culture. The declaration of major requirements for the religion and visual culture concentration are the same as those listed in the Major Declaration section. The faculty adviser for the religion and visual culture concentration is Professor Raoul Birnbaum.


Fifteen courses, as follows:

  • Four lower-division courses (each from a different geographical area)
  • 100A recommended during sophomore year. 
  • 101-191: five courses that focus on the study of religion
  • 190-191: one seminar (190s and 191s) to satisfy the senior comprehensive (see Comprehensive Requirement below).
  • Four relevant upper-division courses in the study of religion from programs on campus such as anthropology, history, literature, and philosophy.  Please see the list of approved HAVC and outside religion courses.


All seniors must complete one seminar, 190–191, as their “senior exit” course to satisfy the senior comprehensive requirement. Seminars can be taken for senior exit credit only by permission of the instructor. Within the context of this advanced seminar, students will work under the close supervision of their professor to produce a written project that demonstrates a high level of achievement in research, writing, and critical thinking. Students whose performance is outstanding are eligible for honors in the senior comprehensive.